Muhammad was the one who founded Islam. As per the Islam perceptions, he was God’s messenger and a prophet and was sent by God to come and present and confirm the true teachings that were preached before by Abraham, Moses, Adam, Jesus Christ and other ancient prophets. All the major branches of Islam view Muhammad as God’s final prophet, however, denominations that have evolved recently do not conquer with this belief.
Muhammad used the Quran to unite Arabia into an entirely Muslim country through his practices and teachings and used Islamic religious beliefs as the basis. On an approximation, he was born in 570 CE which according to Islamic religion is the year of the elephant. His birth was in Mecca, a city in Arabia. His parents passed on while he was still at a tender age and was raised by his paternal uncle Abu Talib and his wife Fatimah bint Asad.
Muhammad would often be alone at Hira, a mountain cave for some nights so that he could pray. When he was 40 years, he said that Gabriel visited him in his cave at Hira and he mentioned that he had just had his very first revelation from God. In 610, which was three years later, he began publicly preaching his revelations and proclaimed that God is one and that total submission of Islam to him was the right thing to do. He stated that he was a messenger and prophet of God just like the other Islamic prophets.
As he began his journey in prophecy, he gained a few followers. Polytheists in Mecca were very hostile to Muhammad and to keep on his mission he had to escape from all these persecutions. In 615, he had to send a few followers to Abyssinia before Muhammad and his other followers left Mecca for Medina which was known as Yathrib later on in 622.
While in Medina, Muhammad took the responsibility of uniting the tribes under the Medina Constitution. Years of intermittent wars with the other Mecca tribes passed on and in December 629, he put together an army of about 10,000 Muslim converts and began marching to Mecca. There wasn’t really a terrifying war while at Mecca and Muhammad managed to seize the city with very little bloodshed.
A few months after he had left the Farewell Pilgrimage, which was in 632, Muhammad fell ill and passed on. By the time he was passing on, most of the inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula had converted their religion to Islam.
Muhammad was married to the following women as his wives: Khadija bint Khuwaylid, , Aisha bint Abi Bakr, Sawda bint Zamʿa, Safiyya bint Huyayy Hafsa bint Umar, , Hind bint Abi Umayya, Zaynab bint Khuzayma, Maria al-Qibtiyya , Juwayriyya bint al-Harith, Zaynab bint Jahsh, Ramla bint Sufyan,, Rayhana bint Zayd ,Maymunah bint Harith.
The people in Medina made a remembrance of Muhammad by inscribing ‘’Muhammad the apostle of God’’ on the gates of the famous prophet’s Mosque in Medina. This is a way to commemorate him.